Behavioral Parent Training for Families with Deaf and Hard of Hearing Preschoolers

Grants and Contracts Details


The prevalence of disruptive behavior problems among deaf or hard of hearing (DHH) children is double that of normal hearing children, but this underserved population rarely receives behavioral interventions. Behavioral problems in this population are often attributed to delays in language development, yet even when language improves in response to early intervention, behavioral problems frequently persist. Although parenting behaviors have been largely overlooked in the literature investigating the etiology and maintenance of disruptive behavior problems in young DHH children, their effects on child behavior are well-established in the normal hearing population. Behavioral parent training (BPT) programs have consistently demonstrated efficacy and effectiveness in reducing disruptive behavior problems, comorbidities, parental stress and depression, and longterm costly consequences in children with normal hearing, especially when delivered in early childhood. The hearing healthcare setting is ideal as a delivery venue for behavioral services, because of consistent contacts from infancy through adolescence; parents’ trust and familiarity with the setting and providers; and lack of stigma. This type 1 hybrid effectiveness-implementation trial will be conducted in 10 state-funded hearing healthcare clinics, testing an evidence-based BPT adapted to meet the needs of parents of underserved DHH children. The specific aims are: (1) To systematically adapt an evidence-based BPT by incorporating the preferences and perspectives of the target population and key stakeholders; (2) using a cluster-randomized trial design, to test the effects of the adapted BPT on parent behaviors, child behaviors, adherence to wearing amplification devices, and language development outcomes; and (3) based on the Consolidated Framework of Implementation Research, to identify factors within the domains of the inner setting, outer setting, intervention characteristics, process, and provider characteristics influencing implementation of the intervention in each clinic, as well as preliminary implementation outcomes (i.e., acceptability and fidelity). The ADAPT-ITT framework will guide the systematic adaptation process. Examples of possible adaptations include modifications to content (e.g., incorporation of scenarios relevant to DHH children in materials and parent skills training, inclusion of behavioral facilitative language techniques in skills training) and context (e.g., delivered in hearing healthcare settings, behavioral assessments incorporate language and hearing data from hearing healthcare records). If the adapted BPT is effective, behavioral problems among DHH children could be successfully addressed in hearing healthcare. The use of a type I hybrid design will allow us to gather information on intervention delivery and multilevel factors influencing the quality of implementation. Results of this study will inform hearing healthcare systems regarding resources and strategies needed to deliver this intervention in new settings to a new population. This project could inform a transformation of care in hearing healthcare settings to scale up the integration of much-needed behavioral services into their interdisciplinary clinics.
Effective start/end date6/6/18 → 12/31/19


  • National Institute on Deafness & Other Communications: $1,089,066.00


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