Grants and Contracts Details
HF). In contrast, obesity was recently reported to be associated with decreased risk of morbidity and mortality. The finding that overweight and obese patients with HF have surprisingly better outcomes is in contrast to our current understanding of the relationships between obesity and HF and conflicts with the recommendation that these individuals should lose weight. The biobehavioral mechanisms underlying the differences in outcomes between these groups of patients are not well understood. Nutritional intake is a major contributor to body weight and may also playa crucial role in influencing HF outcomes. Proinflammatory cytokines released as part of the systemic inflammatory response to both obesity and HF affect appetite, food intake, body composition, myocardial function, vascular epithelium, and are predictors of patient outcomes. The purpose of the proposed research is to examine the relationships among body fat content, nutritional intake, inflammation, and patient outcomes in 300 patients with HF of ischemic origin that are equally distributed among four groups: underweight, normal weight, overweight, and obese. The primary aim of this prospective study is to determine the relationship between body fat mass and twelve-month patient morbidity and mortality outcomes (composite end-point of rehospitalization or death) and twelve-month patient qualityof- life outcomes. Secondary aims are to examine how differences in body fat mass and distribution alter the effect of nutritional deficiencies (four-day food diaries) and proinflammatory cytokine activity (tumor necrosis factor-a [TNFa], soluble TNFa receptors, interleukin-6, interleukin-1 receptor antagonist, and interleukin-10) on patient outcomes. Examination of the interactions among body fat content, nutritional intake, and proinflammatory cytokine activity will provide an understanding of the biobehavioral mechanisms underlying the improved patient outcomes observed in overweight and obese patients with HF. This will assist with developing new nutrition and body weight guidelines for patients with HF who are overweight and obese. An understanding of the underlying mechanisms may also allow application of these findings to underweight patients resulting in improved outcomes for these patients. understanding of asthma triggers, self-management, and quality of life among children living on farms.
|Effective start/end date||9/1/05 → 5/31/09|
- National Institute of Nursing Research: $1,543,591.00
Explore the research topics touched on by this project. These labels are generated based on the underlying awards/grants. Together they form a unique fingerprint.