CCSG PILOT: Mechanism of Targeted Dysregulation of CTCF Binding by Inorganic Arsenic to Drive Carcinogenesis

Grants and Contracts Details

Description

Establishing the influence of pollutants on genome function is essential in defining their impact on human health. Environmental pollutants such as inorganic arsenic (iAs) are responsible for over thirteen million deaths yearly. Importantly, 24% of the diseases caused by environmental exposures might have been avoided by disease prevention, diagnosis and the development of safer metal-based therapeutic agents. In order to understand how these pollutants cause disease, we need to understand how pollutants change gene expression. Proper gene regulation is essential for normal growth, development and etiology of diseases such as cancer. Eukaryotic DNA stored as chromatin plays an integral role in gene regulation. At the onedimensional (1D) level, chromatin is found as nucleosomes and at the three dimensional level (3D), chromatin is found in loops and topological domains, both of which regulate gene expression by allowing accessibility to the DNA wrapped up as chromatin. iAs is a ubiquitous metal that impacts gene regulation through modulating the epigenome. We recently provided the epigenetic landscape (DNA methylation, histone PTMs and histone variants) mediated by iAs. This landscape though important, makes it difficult to decipher whether the observed effects on gene activity are due to local changes in epigenetic environments, or effects caused by remote changes several kilobases away, such as the activity of enhancer(s). Additionally, the effect of the 3D chromatin structure supersedes the 1D chromatin level. This 3D information is mediated by CTCF, known as a ‘master weaver’ of the genome, and any dysregulation of the CTCF binding alters this 3D structure, resulting in gene dysregulation. We recently showed that iAs selectively inhibits CTCF from binding to some of its target sites and instigating oncogenic expression patterns. Interestingly, carcinogenesis is not a linear process but involves a several hybrid in-between stages till final cancer state. We therefore hypothesize that by inhibiting CTCF binding, targeting the 11th zinc finger of CTCF through displacement of the zinc iron. To test this hypothesis, we will engineer the 11th CTCF zinc finger to a C2H2 configuration, a non-iAs target (Aim 1), treat cells with zinc (Aim 2) and test the impact of these changes in iAs-mediated carcinogenesis. The knowledge derived from the proposed studies will allow us to characterize the resulting gene regulatory network mediated by iAs exposure, and allow us to unambiguously anchor iAs exposure to changes in the CTCF interactome in the process of iAs-mediated cancer. Additionally, these studies will allow us to decipher how iAs initiates, establishes and maintains particular chromatin signatures that ultimately drive gene expression in iAs pathogenesis. Translational potential: Such studies are critically needed for the identification of translational targets and the development of therapeutic drugs needed in iAs-disease pathology. For instance, it might be possible that in treating individuals with zinc supplements, it could alleviate the deleterious effects of iAs.
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date7/1/206/30/21

Funding

  • National Cancer Institute

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