Center of Biomedical Research Excellence in Women's Health (COBRE): Kilgore Scope

Grants and Contracts Details

Description

Proj. 5 Project Leader - T. Kelly Principal Investigator/Program Director (Last, First, Middle): Curry, Thomas E. DESCRIPTION: State the application's broad, long-term objectives and specific aims, making reference to the health relatedness of the project. Describe concisely the research design and methods for achieving these goals. Avoid summaries of past accomplishments and the use of the first person. This abstract is meant to serve as a succinct and accurate description of the proposed work when separated from the application. If the application is funded, this description, as is, will become public information. Therefore, do not include proprietary/confidential information. DO NOT EXCEED THE SPACE PROVIDED. Gonadal neurosteroids are important modulators of behavior and have been shown to impact a range of clinically significant conditions, including sexual behavior, sleep, cognition, drug and alcohol abuse, affective disorders, pain sensitivity, epileptic seizure disorders and stress reactivity. Recent molecular and cellular studies as well as data from whole animal behavioral models indicate that gonadal neurosteroids influence behavior through the direct regulation of neuronal activity, as well as the modulation of classical neurotransmitter function, through a I variety of both genonic and nongenomic mechanisms. To date, the effects of estrogen and progesterone on neurotransmitter function in humans have received almost no attention. We, and others, have successfully used drug discrimination and functional neuroimaging methodologies to examine the manner in which psychoactive drugs alter classical neurotransmitter function (i.e., clinical neuropharmacological effects of drugs), as well as the neuroanatomicallocations of these effects. This basic science project will be among the first to apply these methodologies within the same individuals to examine the manner and anatomical locations in which estrogen and progesterone modulate clinical neurotransmitter function in humans. One series of studies will examine the effects of estradiol on dopaminergic activity. It is hypothesized that estradiol will enhance dopamine function selectively in women. A second series of studies will examine the neuropharmacological effects of progesterone. It is hypothesized that progesterone and its metabolites will engender direct interoceptive effects via modulation of multiple receptor sites, including GABAA, sigma and NMDA, in both men and women. This information will be invaluable for expanding our understanding of the neurobiological basis of gender differences in mood and behavior regulation. These studies will have important applied significance in helping future development of gender-specific medications having selective effects at steroidal receptor sites and/or tailored to work in combination with endogenous neurosteroids. It is also likely that these studies will inform and enhance ongoing efforts to develop and evaluate steroid-based medications. Finally, this project will promote the mentoring, development and promotion of our junior and early career colleagues' academic interests in the clinical neurobiology of women's health.
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date9/15/004/30/06

Funding

  • National Center for Research Resources

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