Ceramide and acute phase protein elevation during aging

Grants and Contracts Details


Our lab has a long standing interest in the mechanisms leading to the state of chronic. low-grade inflammation. which is an intrinsic component of the aging process and many aging-associated diseases.. In the past we reported that the hepatic response to Interleukin 1~ (lL-1(3). a major mediator of systemic inflammation. is augmented during aging leading to excessive production of IGFBP1, a protein that is secreted by the liver. binds to the Insulin-like Growth Factor 1 (IGF1), and neutralizes its bioactivity. Hepatic IL-1j3 hyperresponsiveness is caused by the intrinsic activation of an evolutionary conserved cellular stress response pathway involving neutral sphingomyelinase and its product, ceramide. Here we hypothesize that this lL-1j3 hyperresponsiveness impairs the insulin signaling pathway in liver, First, we will investigate how aging-associated IL-1 [3 hyperresponsiveness affects the insulin pathway and will study the interactions between key molecules in the two cascades PI3K, Akt-1, and Fox01 (for insulin). and ceramide, IRAK-1 and JNK (for IL-1 (3), Studies will be done in isolated hepatocytes in vitro and in animals in vivo. Young, aged and aged calorie restricted rats will be used., The regulation of IGFBP1 mRNA transcription by the two pathways will be investigated. These molecular studies will be complemented by assays of insulin-and IGFBP1-dependent functions in vivo. which include tests of fGF1 bioactivity. muscle functions and glucose regulation. Throughout the experiments. cause and effect relations will be tested by overexpression and silenCing approach using adenovirus-mediated gene transfer. These studies may help to elucidate the cellular and molecular pathways responsible for muscle waste, frailty, and glucose dysregulation in the elderly. They may also reveal a novel mechanism for integration of inflammatory and metabolic signaling pathways and how aging affects these interactions ..
Effective start/end date8/1/118/31/17


  • National Institute on Aging: $1,496,441.00


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