Contribution of Ribosome Specialization to the Pathophysiology of Muscular Dystrophy

Grants and Contracts Details

Description

UPDATED PROJECT SUMMARY/ABSTRACT Striated muscle tissue contains the highest mitochondrial content and the largest known proteins, which present unique challenges to the translational machinery. Muscle tissue specifically expresses a paralogous ribosomal protein, RLP3L, that is roughly 80% identical to the ubiquitous RPL3, and is essential to the formation of the large subunit of the ribosome. In muscle, RPL3L substitutes for RPL3 in the ribosome, but how this alters ribosome function remains unknown. Furthermore, these two paralogs demonstrate an inverse relationship under conditions of muscle adaptation, stress, and pathology. In dystrophic muscle, RPL3L is lost in favor of RPL3 in the ribosome, but the effects on muscle functional decline are not understood. Recent evidence suggests that ribosomes can specialize to selectively translate certain genes into proteins. Additionally, translation control has emerged as a novel layer of regulation for mitochondrial function, which declines early in the pathology of muscular dystrophy, prior to an overt phenotype. Taken together, I hypothesize that the loss of RPL3L in dystrophic muscle impairs ribosome specialization, thus contributing to an imbalance between mitochondrial and sarcomeric protein synthesis, exacerbating dystrophic disease progression. Rescue of the muscle specific ribosomal protein in muscular dystrophy will provide the first evidence for the role of ribosome specialization in muscle functional decline and help guide the design of new therapeutics. The proposed studies will also, for the first time, investigate the impact of glucocorticoids (a common therapy for dystrophy) on muscle ribosome specialization and translational selectivity. Successful completion of the proposed studies will reveal new therapeutic targets as well as novel mechanisms underlying the pathophysiology of chronic debilitating diseases.
StatusActive
Effective start/end date11/1/2310/31/26

Funding

  • National Institute Arthritis Musculoskeletal & Skin: $249,000.00

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