Improving Chemotherapy of Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

Grants and Contracts Details

Description

Title: Improving chemotherapy of castration-resistant prostate cancer Abstract Androgen receptor (AR) signaling is essential for prostate cancer (PCa) development and growth, even in castration-resistant PCa (CRPC), the lethal stage of the disease. Docetaxel is the standard treatment for CRPC patients due to a combination of mitotic catastrophe and inhibition of AR signaling. Androgen signaling inhibitors (ASI) are also used to treat CRPC post-docetaxel with limited success. Therefore, it is urgent to identify new targets and develop novel approaches to treat CRPC that are resistant to the existing therapies. Brd4, a conserved member of the bromodomain and extraterminal (BET) family of chromatin readers, promotes gene transcription via interacting with core positive transcription elongation factor (P-TEFb), consisting of Cdk9 and cyclin T1. Significantly, AR signaling-competent CRPC cells are preferentially sensitive to Brd4 inhibitor JQ1 as JQ1 treatment disrupts AR recruitment to target gene loci, thus resulting in inhibition of AR signaling directly. Furthermore, JQ1 enhances the efficacy of ASI in PCa. Loss-of-function mutations in E3 ubiquitin ligase substrate-binding adaptor speckle-type POZ protein (SPOP) cause stabilization of Brd4 and JQ1 resistance. Thus, it will be of clinical significance to understand the regulation mechanism of Brd4 regulation and to develop a new approach to cause Brd4 degradation even in the presence of SPOP mutations. The long-term goals of this study are to identify novel and druggable signaling pathways that offer more effective treatment options for patients with therapy-resistant CRPC. The objective is to define the role of polo-like kinase 1 (Plk1) in regulating Brd4 degradation and AR signaling, and to exploit this unique mechanism to develop a novel approach for treatment. Our preliminary data show that Plk1 phosphorylation of Brd4 leads to its protein degradation even in the presence of SPOP mutations. The central hypothesis is that Plk1-associated phosphorylation of Brd4 results in its degradation, thus docetaxel-associated Plk1 elevation is one approach to overcome resistance to Brd4 inhibitors. This hypothesis will be tested by pursuing three Specific Aims - (1) to dissect how Plk1 phosphorylation of Brd4 regulates AR signaling; (2) to understand how Brd4 phosphorylation contributes to PCa cell proliferation; and (3) to analyze clinical significance of Plk1-associated Brd4 phosphorylation. These complementary aims will be accomplished using biochemical analyses of signaling intermediates and employing genetic strategies with PCa mouse models, culture systems and PCa xenograft methodologies. The rationale for the research is that it will be the first to probe the importance of Plk1 to Brd4 and AR signaling and to examine whether a combination of docetaxel and Brd4 inhibitor ABBV-744 is a novel approach to treat ASI-resistant CRPC. This contribution is significant because it will (i) define the molecular mechanism by which Plk1 regulates Brd4 degradation and AR signaling; and (ii) validate docetaxel as a therapeutic agent to enhance the efficacy of Brd4 inhibitors. These studies are poised to provide a new paradigm for improved patient therapies by identifying the key regulator of Brd4 and AR signaling that is critical for generating and maintaining the CRPC phenotype.
StatusActive
Effective start/end date1/15/196/30/26

Funding

  • National Cancer Institute: $783,655.00

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