Novel Precision Medicine Approach to Treatment of Osteoporosis Based on Bone Turnover

Grants and Contracts Details

Description

Osteoporosis is a health problem of major proportions. It affects more than 40 million Americans and results in more than 2 million fractures annually among Medicare patients alone. Hospital admissions for osteoporotic fractures exceed those of heart attacks, strokes and breast cancer combined. Osteoporosis is commonly considered a disease associated with menopause. This estrogen deficiency related bone loss is characterized by high bone turnover with increased resorption without commensurate changes in bone formation. It is in contrast to age-related bone loss, which starts as early as in the fourth decade of life and continues with increasing age. Age-related bone loss is usually associated with lower bone turnover and decreased bone formation is the main abnormality. Current therapies do not address age-related bone loss and the special needs of the age-related osteoporosis population is currently ignored. This is to a great degree due to difficulties associated with the bone biopsy necessary for unequivocal determination of bone turnover status. Thus, the current standard of care relies on starting with an antiresorber, which is of limited effectiveness in age-related osteoporosis, and in fact impedes the effectiveness of the appropriate anabolic medication. Our study seeks to achieve two specific aims: Aim 1) to establish a novel precision medicine approach to treatment of age-related osteoporosis based on recognition of low bone turnover and initial treatment with anabolics, and Aim 2) to find a non-invasive method for diagnosing low bone turnover in osteoporotic patients by measurements of serum carboxylated osteocalcin 1-43/49 (cOC 43/49), using a new 3rd generation assay (Epitope Diagnostics, San Diego, CA) with validation via the “gold standard” bone biopsy and histomorphometry. Our approach will be to enroll women who have been diagnosed with osteoporosis in a prospective, proof of concept study. Patients will undergo bone biopsy and blood draws at baseline. Bone turnover status will be assessed employing histomorphometry. In addition, blood levels of cOC 43/49 will be measured in order to determine their validity - alone or in combination with other bone markers - for diagnosing low bone turnover prevailing in age-related bone loss. Patients will be grouped according to turnover status. Low-turnover patients will be randomized (1:1) either to treatment with the anabolic teriparatide (Group 1) or with the standard of care antiresorber alendronate (Group 2) for one year. Normal-high turnover patients (Group 3) will be enrolled and treated with standard of care alendronate for one year in order to provide the necessary comparison group. At baseline and at one-year bone mineral density measurements will be performed by DXA and 1-year changes in BMD will be compared between groups. Our central hypothesis is that low turnover, age-related osteoporosis needs to be diagnosed and treated differently from estrogen deficiency related osteoporosis. The results will provide a paradigm shift in the treatment of osteoporosis.
StatusActive
Effective start/end date9/30/218/31/26

Funding

  • National Institute on Aging: $1,051,090.00

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