Re-entry XR-NTX for Rural Opioid Dependent Women

Grants and Contracts Details


The overall aim of this R34 proposal is to examine the feasibility, acceptability, and short-term outcomes associated with an innovative service delivery model to increase adherence to extended-release naltrexone (XR-NTX) during the transition from jail to the community for rural women with opioid use disorder (OUD). The significance of this study is grounded in the public health crisis associated with the opioid epidemic in rural Appalachia, the increased vulnerability of rural women with OUD, and the dearth of available and accessible evidence-based treatment in the region. This R34 has potential to make a significant contribution to the OUD treatment field by advancing knowledge on innovative service delivery models to increase access to evidence-based treatment to reduce high-risk opioid use and related health disparities among hard-to-reach, high-risk, underserved populations. The study will be accomplished through two specific aims: (1) Adapt XR-NTX services for use in community supervision (P&P) offices to increase adherence during re-entry from jail for opioid dependent, rural women. (2) Examine feasibility, acceptability, and short-term outcomes of XR-NTX adherence and relapse to opioid use through a small pilot trial with 60 rural women with OUD. The pilot trial will include OUD screening, consenting to participate in XR-NTX prior to jail release, medically evaluated, initiated on XR-NTX during incarceration, and randomly assigning to one of two community re-entry treatment models to receive on-going follow-up XR-NTX injections in the community in either: (1) Local rural P&P offices (n=30), or (2) Services as Usual (n=30). If this study establishes feasibility of this innovative community-based treatment model for XR-NTX in a rural, underserved area, findings will be used to develop an R01 application to test the innovative service delivery approach in a larger RCT during community re-entry from jail among high-risk rural opioid dependent women in Appalachia. The long-term goal of this research is to increase access to evidence-based treatment for OUD among high-risk, underserved populations.
Effective start/end date9/15/186/30/22


  • National Institute on Drug Abuse: $560,760.00


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