Social Media HIV Prevention Intervention for Rural Women Drug Users

Grants and Contracts Details


The overall aim of this R34 application is to adapt and feasibility test an evidence-based intervention for HIV prevention for a high-risk group of rural women in Appalachia. This study has potential to make a significant contribution to science by advancing knowledge on the use of social media to increase access to prevention interventions to reduce high-risk substance use and related health disparities among rural women during a time of emerging and significant public health risk in Appalachia. Successfully accomplishing study aims will respond to a critical and unmet need to increase the reach and scope of prevention interventions using social media, as well as advance knowledge about the high-risk drug use behaviors of this underserved group. Considering the need for prevention interventions among this high-risk group and the popularity of Facebook, the purpose of this R34 proposal is to adapt an evidence-based HIV prevention intervention for social media delivery and to feasibility test through a randomized control trial with 60 high-risk rural women drug users. The following aims guide the proposed study: (1) Adapt the NIDA Standard for HIV prevention for delivery via Facebook; and (2) Examine the feasibility of the adapted intervention with high-risk rural women through a randomized control pilot. The proposed use of Facebook in this study is promising because it is a stable, widely used, cost-efficient platform by rural women that could be leveraged to increase access to critically needed HIV prevention education. This study presents an exciting opportunity to examine the use of Facebook as a technique to expand access to evidence-based preventions interventions for high-risk drug users who are not likely to engage in formal treatment. Findings from this study will inform development of the larger R01 which would allow examination of the effectiveness and sustainability of this HIV prevention intervention in understudied, high risk populations.
Effective start/end date4/1/182/28/23


  • National Institute on Drug Abuse: $560,760.00


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