Systemic Mediators and Biomarkers of Injury in Preterm Infants with Intermittent Hypoxemia

Grants and Contracts Details

Description

ABSTRACT This proposal describes a mentored training and research plan that will facilitate the development of Elie Abu Jawdeh, M.D., Ph.D., to an independent clinical and translational investigator in neonatal respiratory control and intermittent hypoxemia (IH). Dr. Abu Jawdeh will complement his current background as a neonatologist and a clinical scientist to attain knowledge in basic science methods and biomarker science. The goal of learning basic science techniques and methods is imperative for Dr. Abu Jawdeh to make the leap into understanding mechanisms of injury from IH and develop treatments in the future. He will achieve these goals through structured mentorship, rigorous hands-on laboratory experiences, formal classwork, and skills training. A team of mentors with an established track record in clinical, translational, and basic sciences will oversee Dr. Abu Jawdeh’s development and progress to research independence. Despite significant progress in neonatal intensive care, preterm infants continue to suffer from significant morbidities and neurodevelopmental impairment. The societal cost of prematurity is approximately 26 billion dollars with the cost of care for an extremely preterm infant being 20 times that of a late preterm infant. Major consequences of prematurity are apnea and lung disease that lead to repeated occurrences of IH; episodic drops in blood oxygen saturation. These IH episodes, occurring up to hundreds of events/day, have a cumulative effect on neonatal outcomes. While the evidence linking IH to impairments is mounting, the degree of IH associated with injury and pathophysiological mechanisms for IH’s contribution to injury remains unclear. This knowledge gap in the mechanistic understanding of IH creates a critical barrier to improving clinical outcomes. Our goal for this proposal is to better understand mechanisms and biomarkers of injury from IH in order to discover and titrate treatments in the future. Through both a prospective clinical cohort of preterm infants and in vitro cell culture experiments, we will first test the hypothesis that IH increases systemic circulating ligands (bio-mediators) that injure brain cells using in vitro cell culture system of oligodendrocyte progenitor cells (OPC). Identifying bio- mediators/pathways of cell death and injury from IH will help develop treatments that we will also explore in vitro. Then, we will investigate a promising biomarker Neurofilament-L (NfL) for IH-related brain injury and neurological outcomes. Identifying biomarkers of injury will allow prognostication of outcomes and monitoring of IH treatment effectiveness and titration in the future. We have pilot data to support both our Aims and hypotheses. This will be the first time such studies and mechanisms are investigated in preterm infants with IH.
StatusActive
Effective start/end date7/12/236/30/28

Funding

  • National Institute of Child Health and Human Develop: $161,019.00

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