The Role of DENND5B in Dietary Lipid Absorption

Grants and Contracts Details

Description

Abstract Regulation of lipid absorption by enterocytes can influence metabolic status in humans and contribute to obesity and related complications. The intracellular steps of chylomicron biogenesis and transport from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) to the golgi complex have been described, but the mechanisms for post-golgi transport and secretion of chylomicrons have not been identified. Using a newly generated Dennd5b-/- mouse strain, we demonstrate an essential role for this gene in golgi to plasma membrane transport of chylomicron secretory vesicles. In mice, loss of Dennd5b results in resistance to western diet induced obesity, changes in plasma lipids, and reduced aortic atherosclerosis. In humans, two independent exome sequencing studies reveal that a common DENND5B variant, p.(R52K), is correlated with body mass index. These studies establish an important role for DENND5B in post-Golgi chylomicron secretion and a subsequent influence on body composition and peripheral lipoprotein metabolism. This grant proposal will examine the mechanism of DENND5B action in the intestine and the systemic metabolic regulation by this protein.
StatusActive
Effective start/end date7/15/225/31/27

Funding

  • National Institute Diabetes & Digestive & Kidney: $511,878.00

Fingerprint

Explore the research topics touched on by this project. These labels are generated based on the underlying awards/grants. Together they form a unique fingerprint.