Background - β-blocker (BB) use reduces infarct size in spontaneously occurring nonreperfused infarcts but probably does not change infarct size in patients treated with reperfusion therapy. A recent observational study suggested that BB use concurrent with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) decreased the risk of creatine kinase (CK)-MB elevation. The cogency of such a conclusion is dependent on the ability to risk-adjust for the multiple differences in patients treated with and without BBs. Methods and Results - Using propensity score and multivariate regression analyses, 6200 consecutive patients were analyzed to assess the relationship between BB use before PCI and per protocol-measured CK and CK-MB rise. There were several highly significant (P<0.001) differences between patients with and without BB treatment (eg, age, prior infarction, unstable angina). Maximum CK and CK-MB levels were higher in patients taking Bbs (CK median, 95 U [interquartile range: 61, 175]; CK-MB, 3 U [2, 5]) than in patients not taking Bbs (CK, 91 U [60, 157]; CK-MB, 3 U [2, 4]) (P=0.011 and P=0.021 for CK and CK-MB, respectively). After adjustment for significant differences in baseline characteristics there was no difference in either maximum CK rise (P=0.21) or maximum CK-MB rise (P = 0.99). Conclusions - The results of this large observation study do not support the contention that BB use before PCI decreases myocardial injury.
|Number of pages||4|
|State||Published - Nov 27 2001|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)