25 years of bluetooth technology

Sherali Zeadally, Farhan Siddiqui, Zubair Baig

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Scopus citations


Bluetooth technology started off as a wireless, short-range cable replacement technology but it has undergone significant developments over the last two decades. Bluetooth radios are currently embedded in almost all computing devices including personal computers, smart phones, smart watches, and even micro-controllers. For many of us, Bluetooth is an essential technology that we use every day. We provide an insight into the history of Bluetooth and its significant design developments over the last 25 years. We also discuss related issues (including security) and Bluetooth as a driving technology for the Internet of Things (IoT). Finally, we also present recent research results obtained with Bluetooth technology in various application areas.

Original languageEnglish
Article number194
JournalFuture Internet
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 1 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 by the authors.


  • Bluetooth
  • Internet of things
  • Low-energy
  • Mesh
  • Networking
  • Protocol
  • Security

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Networks and Communications


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