4-Hydroxynonenal disrupts zinc export in primary rat cortical cells

J. L. Smith, S. Xiong, M. A. Lovell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Accumulating evidence implicates oxidative stress in the pathogenesis of several neurodegenerative disorders including Alzheimer's disease (AD). Increased lipid peroxidation, decreased levels of polyunsaturated fatty acids, and increased levels of 4-hydroxynonenal (HNE) have been demonstrated in AD brain. Proteins responsible for zinc export are localized on the plasma membrane and may be vulnerable to damage from lipid peroxidation. To test this hypothesis, cultured primary rat cortical neurons were incubated with 65Zn for 1 h and then treated with HNE (0-35 μM) for 4 h. Levels of 65Zn in aliquots of medium were measured at 1, 2, 4 h following treatment with HNE and intracellular 65Zn measured after 4 h using liquid scintillation counting. The amount of 65Zn in medium did not differ significantly. However, a statistically significant (p < 0.05) increase of 65Zn was observed inside cortical neurons after treatment with 20 μM HNE for 4 hours. These data suggest that HNE may impair a protein essential for zinc export leading to increased levels of intracellular zinc.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-5
Number of pages5
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2006

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This project was supported by NIH grant (1R01 AG16269).


  • 4-Hydroxynonenal (HNE)
  • Lipid peroxidation
  • Oxidative stress
  • Zinc

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Neuroscience
  • Toxicology


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