A 24-week open-label extension study of memantine in moderate to severe alzheimer disease

Barry Reisberg, Rachelle Doody, Albrecht Stöffler, Frederick Schmitt, Steven Ferris, Hans Jörg Möbius

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

149 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: This study is an extension of a 28-week, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of memantine in 252 patients with moderate to severe Alzheimer disease. Objective: To evaluate long-term memantine treatment in moderate to severe Alzheimer disease. Design, Setting, and Patients: Open-label, 24-week extension trial. Raters remained blind to the patients' initial study treatment. Patients (n=175) were enrolled from the previous double-blind study in an outpatient setting. Intervention: Twenty mg of memantine was given daily. Main Outcome Measures: Efficacy assessments from the double-blind study were continued and safety parameters were monitored. Results: Patients who switched to memantine treatment from their previous placebo therapy experienced a significant benefit in all main efficacy assessments (functional, global, and cognitive) relative to their mean rate of decline with placebo treatment during the double-blind period (P<.05). The completion rate for the extension phase of the study was high (78%) and the favorable adverse event profile for memantine therapy was similar to that seen in the double-blind study. Conclusion: These results extend previous findings that demonstrated the efficacy and safety of memantine in the treatment of patients with moderate to severe Alzheimer disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)49-54
Number of pages6
JournalArchives of Neurology
Volume63
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Neurology

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