A comparison of antennule structure in a surface- and a cave-dwelling crayfish, genus Orconectes (Decapoda, Astacidae)

Robert E. Ziemba, Anna Simpson, Rebecca Hopper, Robin L. Cooper

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Crayfish show many behavioral and morphological adaptations that serve to exploit chemical information in an aquatic environment. The primary chemosensory structure, the outer branch of the antennule, varies morphologically among species. A reasonable approach to the study of these variations is to compare morphological structures from crayfish living in different environments. The potential of this approach was evaluated by comparing the morphology and distribution of chemosensory sensilla (aesthetascs) along antennules of a cave- and a surface-dwelling crayfish. In comparison to the surface-dwelling species (Orconectes cristavarius), the cave-dwelling species (O. australis packardi) had longer antennules and longer individual aesthetasc sensilla. The surface species, however, had significantly more aesthetascs per annulus and a higher density of aesthetascs towards the distal end of the antennule. These data are discussed in terms of chemical sensitivity and chemoreception in turbulent environments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)859-869
Number of pages11
JournalCrustaceana
Volume76
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aquatic Science
  • Animal Science and Zoology

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