A Comparison of Diet Quality of Patients with Heart Failure and Their Family Caregivers

Misook L. Chung, Suk Jeong Lee, Debra K. Moser, Junghee Kang, Terry A. Lennie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Patients with heart failure (HF) and their family caregivers usually consume similar diets, but there is a lack of evidence about diet quality of patients with HF and their family caregivers. Objective The specific aim of this study was to compare diet quality of patients with HF with that of their family caregivers. Methods In this cross-sectional study, 40 patients with HF and their 40 family caregivers completed a VioScreen Food Frequency Questionnaire from which Healthy Eating Index-2010 (HEI) diet quality scores (consisting of the total HEI score and 12 component scores) were calculated. Results None of the 40 patient-caregiver dyads had a high diet quality score (ie, total HEI > 80), whereas 21% of participants had poor diet scores (ie, total HEI ≤ 50). There were no differences in total HEI scores (58.5 vs 59.4, P =.58) or the 12 component scores of the HEI within dyad members. Mean scores of 6 of the 12 components (ie, total fruit, greens and beans, total protein foods, seafood and plant proteins, fatty acids, empty calories) for both members of the HF dyad were lower than the national average. Interestingly, scores for the sodium component were similarly low in patients and caregivers (4.1 vs 3.4, P =.24), indicating high sodium intake. Conclusion Both patients and caregivers consume poor-quality diets that are high in sodium. These findings suggest that nutrition interventions to improve diet quality for patients with HF need to be targeted at the family as a unit.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)101-106
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Volume35
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • dietary
  • family caregiver
  • heart failure
  • nutrition
  • self-care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing

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