A comparison of the associations of caffeine and cigarette use with depressive and ADHD symptoms in a sample of young adult smokers

Tyanne Dosh, Tysa Helmbrecht, Joye Anestis, Greg Guenthner, Thomas H. Kelly, Catherine A. Martin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: This study examined the relationship between psychiatric symptoms and nicotine, caffeine, alcohol, and marijuana use in young adult smokers. Methods: Young adult smokers completed self-report measures of nicotine, caffeine, alcohol and marijuana use, Conner's Adult Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Rating Scale-Short Version (CAARS-SS), beck depression inventory (BDI) and beck anxiety inventory (BAI), and provided a breath carbon monoxide sample. Results: Self-reported cigarette use was positively correlated with carbon monoxide, CAARS-SS, and BDI levels. Caffeine intake was correlated with CAARS-SS, BAI, and BDI levels and emerged as the more significant predictor of BDI, BAI, and CAARS-SS scores when regressed with cigarette use. Conclusions: Caffeine use is associated with psychiatric symptoms in young adult cigarette smokers and should be considered in future research.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)52-54
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Addiction Medicine
Volume4
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2010

Keywords

  • Alcohol
  • Caffeine
  • Marijuana
  • Nicotine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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