Background: The etiology of anterior knee pain is not well understood. Recently, excessive hip adduction and internal rotation have been cited as possible factors. However, how these altered hip mechanics affect the patellofemoral joint is still unclear. Objective: To compare the three-dimensional tibiofemoral and patellofemoral alignment between a neutral squat and one performed with increased hip adduction and internal rotation. We aimed to examine the relationships between the three-dimensional tibiofemoral and patellofemoral alignment during a neutral and valgus squat. Finally, we aimed to determine the relationship between two-dimensional and three-dimensional measures of patellofemoral alignment. Methods: 10 healthy subjects were recruited for this study. Knee and patellar kinematics in a neutral squat and one performed with hip adduction and internal rotation were measured using a open, upright, magnetic resonance imaging unit. Both single leg squats were performed at 30° of knee flexion. Results: There was a significant correlation between knee external rotation and lateral patellar translation, and between knee abduction and lateral patellar translation. Moderate relationships were found between the 2D and 3D measures but these were not statistically significant. Conclusion: The valgus squat resulted in greater knee external rotation in all subjects. Although mean patellar mechanics were not different in the valgus squat, lateral patellar translation increased as knee external rotation increased. Lastly, 2D measures of patellofemoral alignment only provide moderately fair surrogates for 3D measures.
|Number of pages||7|
|State||Published - Aug 2012|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work has been supported by a scholarship from the Foundation for Physical Therapy, Inc. Additionally, this study was funded by the American College of Sports Medicine Student Research Grant. We would also like to acknowledge John F. Greenhalgh., Charles A Green Jr., and Robert Viel from FONAR corporation for developing the custom coil and scanning sequence used in this study.
- Magnetic resonance imaging
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine