A Content Analysis of Kindergarten-12th Grade School-based Nutrition Interventions: Taking Advantage of Past Learning

Mary G. Roseman, Martha C. Riddell, Jessica N. Haynes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations


Objective: To review the literature, identifying proposed recommendations for school-based nutrition interventions, and evaluate kindergarten through 12th grade school-based nutrition interventions conducted from 2000-2008. Design: Proposed recommendations from school-based intervention reviews were developed and used in conducting a content analysis of 26 interventions. Participants: Twenty-six school-based nutrition interventions in the United States first published in peer-reviewed journals from 2000-2008. Variable Measured: Ten proposed recommendations based on prior analyses of school-based nutrition interventions: (1) behaviorally focused, (2) multicomponents, (3) healthful food/school environment, (4) family involvement, (5) self-assessments, (6) quantitative evaluation, (7) community involvement, (8) ethnic/heterogeneous groups, (9) multimedia technology, and (10) sequential and sufficient duration. Analysis: Descriptive statistics. Results: The most frequent recommendations used were: (1) behaviorally focused components (100%) and (2) quantitative evaluation of food behaviors (96%). Only 15% of the interventions included community involvement or ethnic/heterogeneous groups, whereas 31% included anthropometric measures. Five of the 10 proposed recommendations were included in over 50% of the interventions. Conclusions and Implications: Rising trend of overweight children warrants the need to synthesize findings from previous studies to inform research and program development and assist in identification of high-impact strategies and tactics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2-18
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2011


  • Adolescent, overweight
  • Child
  • Nutrition
  • School interventions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics


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