A critical analysis of circular product attributes and limitations of product circularity assessment methods

Junwon Ko, Gisele Bortolaz Guedes, Fazleena Badurdeen, I. S. Jawahir, K. C. Morris, Vincenzo Ferrero, Buddhika Hapuwatte, Ryan Bradley, Ardeshir Raihanian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The Circular Economy (CE) has been proposed as a strategy to promote the efficient use of resources, maximizing the benefits derived from materials and products through value recovery strategies, and minimizing waste generation. However, ambiguity remains in defining what makes a product circular and its characteristics when adapting the CE concept for application at the product level. More clarity about the constitutive characteristics of Circular Products (CPs) is also vital to facilitate their design. To address this challenge, and with the intention to increase the adoption of CE concept within the industry, the descriptions and attributes of a Circular Product (CP) were examined through a scoped literature review and analysis. Findings were then synthesized to establish a preliminary framework of CP attributes. These attributes were used to review the existing product circularity assessment methods. The results highlight limitations in the coverage of CP attributes in the existing methods and research opportunities for their improvement. The findings from this study will contribute to the development of a comprehensive and accurate product circularity assessment method.

Original languageEnglish
Article number200219
JournalResources, Conservation and Recycling Advances
StatePublished - Nov 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 The Author(s)


  • Circular economy
  • Circular product
  • Product circularity
  • Product design
  • Value recovery strategies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Economics and Econometrics


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