Catharanthus roseus produces bioactive terpenoid indole alkaloids (TIAs), including the chemotherapeutics, vincristine and vinblastine. Transcriptional regulation of TIA biosynthesis is not fully understood. The jasmonic acid (JA)-responsive AP2/ERF transcription factor (TF), ORCA3, and its regulator, CrMYC2, play key roles in TIA biosynthesis. ORCA3 forms a physical cluster with two uncharacterized AP2/ERFs, ORCA4 and 5. Here, we report that (1) the ORCA gene cluster is differentially regulated; (2) ORCA4, while overlapping functionally with ORCA3, modulates an additional set of TIA genes. Unlike ORCA3, ORCA4 overexpression resulted in dramatic increase of TIA accumulation in C. roseus hairy roots. In addition, CrMYC2 is capable of activating ORCA3 and co-regulating TIA pathway genes concomitantly with ORCA3. The ORCA gene cluster and CrMYC2 act downstream of a MAP kinase cascade that includes a previously uncharacterized MAP kinase kinase, CrMAPKK1. Overexpression of CrMAPKK1 in C. roseus hairy roots upregulated TIA pathways genes and increased TIA accumulation. This work provides detailed characterization of a TF gene cluster and advances our understanding of the transcriptional and post-translational regulatory mechanisms that govern TIA biosynthesis in C. roseus.
|Number of pages||17|
|State||Published - Feb 1 2017|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
We thank John May (Department of Civil Engineering and Environmental Research Training Laboratories, University of Kentucky, USA) for assistance in LC-MS/MS analysis and Kathy Shen for critical reading of the manuscript. This work is supported partially by the Harold R. Burton Endowed Professorship to L.Y. and by the National Science Foundation under Cooperative Agreement no. 1355438, to L.Y.
© 2016 The Authors. New Phytologist © 2016 New Phytologist Trust
- AP2/ERF gene cluster
- Catharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)
- MAP kinase
- terpenoid indole alkaloids (TIAs)
- transcriptional regulation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Plant Science