A discussion of the design and development of an intrinsically safe drone for underground mining applications

Ahmed Aboelezz, Pedram Roghanchi, Mostafa Hassanalian

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review


Drone usage in underground coal mines is restricted due to a lack of permitted platforms. The Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) sets standards for all underground coal mine equipment. These constraints make developing a legal drone design extremely difficult. As a result, this article describes the endeavor to create an intrinsically safe drone. First, MSHA's standards for designing an inherently safe, acceptable, or explosion-rated drone were established. The basic size and design of the drone were then carried out based on these specifications. As the drone propulsion system faces several challenges in this project, a test rig was built to assess its performance. The motor shall be enclosed in accordance with MSHA regulations. The presence of this enclosure necessitated the addition of a motor propeller coupler system, and the effect of the coupler on the propulsion system was studied. In addition, the thermal effect of the motor casing and thermal studies were provided.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAIAA AVIATION 2022 Forum
StatePublished - 2022
EventAIAA AVIATION 2022 Forum - Chicago, United States
Duration: Jun 27 2022Jul 1 2022

Publication series

NameAIAA AVIATION 2022 Forum


ConferenceAIAA AVIATION 2022 Forum
Country/TerritoryUnited States

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was sponsored by the Alpha Foundation for the Improvement of Mine Safety and Health, Inc. (ALPHA FOUNDATION). The views, opinions and recommendations expressed herein are solely those of the authors and do not imply any endorsement by the ALPHA FOUNDATION, its Directors and staff.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022, American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc, AIAA. All rights reserved.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Aerospace Engineering


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