A framework for digital video watermarking with dual watermarks

Qiang Cheng, Roy R. Wang, Thomas S. Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


This paper presents a video watermarking scheme for copyright notification and protection. Each video frame is clustered into high motion and low motion regions. Dual watermarks are designed by exploiting video motion, perceptual characteristics, and some other informative cues. They are embedded into certain macroblocks in these two regions respectively. The watermark in the low motion region is resilient to frame-level attacks such as frame dropping, frame averaging and frame reshuffling. The watermark in the high motion region is robust to statistical attacks. The detection does not need the original frame or any a priori index information of frames in video sequence. Good invisibility as well as strong robustness can be obtained. The experimental results validate the effectiveness of the system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)513-520
Number of pages8
JournalProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume4671 I
StatePublished - 2002
EventViual Communications and Image Processing 2002 - San Jose, CA, United States
Duration: Jan 21 2002Jan 23 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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