A fully human monoclonal antibody possesses antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) activity against the H1 subtype of influenza A virus by targeting a conserved epitope at the HA1 protomer interface

Rongyuan Gao, Zhao Wang, Tirth Uprety, Chithra C. Sreenivasan, Zizhang Sheng, Ben M. Hause, Colin Brunick, Hua Wu, Thomas Luke, Christoph L. Bausch, Eddie J. Sullivan, Adam D. Hoppe, Victor C. Huber, Dan Wang, Feng Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

The DiversitabTM system produces target specific high titer fully human polyclonal IgG immunoglobulins from transchromosomic (Tc) bovines shown to be safe and effective against multiple virulent pathogens in animal studies and Phase 1, 2 and 3 human clinical trials. We describe the functional properties of a human monoclonal antibody (mAb), 38C2, identified from this platform, which recognizes recombinant H1 hemagglutinins (HAs) and induces appreciable antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) activity in vitro. Interestingly, 38C2 monoclonal antibody demonstrated no detectable neutralizing activity against H1N1 virus in both hemagglutination inhibition and virus neutralization assays. Nevertheless, this human monoclonal antibody induced appreciable ADCC against cells infected with multiple H1N1 strains. The HA-binding activity of 38C2 was also demonstrated in flow cytometry using Madin-Darby canine kidney cells infected with multiple influenza A H1N1 viruses. Through further investigation with the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay involving the HA peptide array and 3-dimensional structural modeling, we demonstrated that 38C2 appears to target a conserved epitope located at the HA1 protomer interface of H1N1 influenza viruses. A novel mode of HA-binding and in vitro ADCC activity pave the way for further evaluation of 38C2 as a potential therapeutic agent to treat influenza virus infections in humans.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere28901
JournalJournal of Medical Virology
Volume95
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Wiley Periodicals LLC.

Keywords

  • antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity
  • epitope
  • hemagglutinin (HA) protein
  • human monoclonal antibody
  • influenza
  • transchromosomic cattle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Virology

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