A high protein meal affects plasma insulin concentrations and amino acid metabolism in horses with equine metabolic syndrome

C. M.M. Loos, S. C. Dorsch, S. E. Elzinga, T. Brewster-Barnes, E. S. Vanzant, A. A. Adams, K. L. Urschel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Equine metabolic syndrome (EMS) is characterized by an abnormal insulin response to a glycemic challenge but despite the known insulinotropic effects of certain amino acids, there is a paucity of data evaluating the impact of dietary protein on insulin dynamics in these horses. The objective was therefore to assess insulin and amino acid responses following intake of a high protein meal in healthy horses and those with EMS. Six mature horses diagnosed with EMS and six age-matched control horses without EMS were used. Horses were fed 2 g/kg body mass (BM) of a high protein pellet (31% crude protein) at time 0 and 30 min, for a total of 4 g/kg BM, following an overnight fast. Blood samples collected during a 4 h period were analysed for plasma glucose, insulin, amino acids and urea concentrations. Glucose concentrations were not different between groups (P = 0.2). Horses with EMS had a 9-fold greater insulinemic response to the consumption of a high protein meal compared with controls (P = 0.046). Post-prandial levels of histidine, citrulline, tyrosine, valine, methionine, isoleucine, leucine and ornithine were higher in horses with EMS (P < 0.05). Baseline urea nitrogen concentrations were not significantly different between groups (P = 0.1). Knowing that certain amino acids are insulin secretagogues, these results illustrate that consumption of a high protein meal caused a hyperinsulinemic response and affected amino acid dynamics in horses with EMS. These findings suggest that dietary protein content should be taken into consideration in the management of horses with insulin dysregulation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number105341
JournalVeterinary Journal
Volume251
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2019

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This is publication No. 18-07-083 of the Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station and is published with the approval of the Director. This project was supported by the Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station (Lexington, KY, USA). Preliminary results of this research were presented at the American Society for Animal Science annual meeting, 2018, Vancouver, Canada, abstract no. PSXVI-5. The authors would like to thank Ashley Gerritsen, Melissa Siard, Summer Nilsen, Day Barker, Chip Stamper, John Allen, Fernanda Cesar and Seth Hatfield for their assistance with sample collections and data analysis.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Elsevier Ltd

Keywords

  • Dietary protein
  • Equine metabolic syndrome
  • Insulin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Veterinary (all)

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