A knowledge graph enhanced topic modeling approach for herb recommendation

Xinyu Wang, Ying Zhang, Xiaoling Wang, Jin Chen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

24 Scopus citations


Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) plays an important role in Chinese society and is an increasingly popular therapy around the world. A data-driven herb recommendation method can help TCM doctors make scientific treatment prescriptions more precisely and intelligently in real clinical practice, which can lead the development of TCM diagnosis and treatment. Previous works only analyzing short-text medical case documents ignore rich information of symptoms and herbs as well as their relations. In this paper, we propose a novel model called Knowledge Graph Embedding Enhanced Topic Model (KGETM) for TCM herb recommendation. The modeling strategy we used takes into consideration not only co-occurrence information in TCM medical cases but also comprehensive semantic relatedness of symptoms and herbs in TCM knowledge graph. The knowledge graph embeddings are obtained by TransE, a popular representation learning method of knowledge graph, on our constructed TCM knowledge graph. Then the embeddings are integrated into the topic model by a mixture of Dirichlet multinomial component and latent vector component. In addition, we further propose HC-KGETM incorporating herb compatibility based on TCM theory to characterize the diagnosis and treatment process better. Experimental results on a TCM benchmark dataset demonstrate that the proposed method outperforms state-of-the-art approaches and the promise of TCM knowledge graph embedding on herb recommendation.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationDatabase Systems for Advanced Applications - 24th International Conference, DASFAA 2019, Proceedings
EditorsJuggapong Natwichai, Jun Yang, Yongxin Tong, Joao Gama, Guoliang Li
Number of pages16
StatePublished - 2019
Event24th International Conference on Database Systems for Advanced Applications, DASFAA 2019 - Chiang Mai, Thailand
Duration: Apr 22 2019Apr 25 2019

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume11446 LNCS
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349


Conference24th International Conference on Database Systems for Advanced Applications, DASFAA 2019
CityChiang Mai

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019.


  • Knowledge graph embedding
  • Recommendation
  • Topic model
  • Traditional Chinese medicine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • General Computer Science


Dive into the research topics of 'A knowledge graph enhanced topic modeling approach for herb recommendation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this