Engaged bystander interventions are recognized as “promising” programming to reduce sexual violence (SV), yet little is known of the long-term (>12-month) impact of programming on SV and related forms of gender-based violence. Funded by NIH as a prospective cohort study, Life’s Snapshot recruited and followed three waves of high school seniors who had participated in a large high-school cluster-randomized controlled trial to evaluate the effectiveness of the Green Dot bystander intervention. This report provides the study design, recruitment methodology, recruitment and retention rates, survey items, and psychometric properties of measures included in the initial and annual electronic surveys with 24–48 months follow-up.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)316-344
Number of pages29
JournalViolence Against Women
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2021.


  • bystander intervention
  • methodology
  • prospective cohort
  • sexual violence
  • teen dating violence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gender Studies
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Law


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