A Mixed Media Campaign to Promote Bystander Intervention and Reduce Alcohol Use Among College Students: A Pilot Study

Anne Marie Schipani-McLaughlin, Laura F. Salazar, Jessica L. Muilenburg, Carolyn Lauckner, Andrea Swartzendruber, Deanna Walters

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


This study examined the limited efficacy of a mixed media campaign that promoted bystander intervention as a sexual violence (SV) prevention strategy and aimed to decrease alcohol use. A quasi-experimental design was used to assess the limited efficacy of the Be a Watch Dawg mixed media campaign implemented at a large Southeastern public university in 2017. Social marketing along with social cognitive theory, social norms theory, and theory of planned behavior were utilized as the framework for the campaign. Be a Watch Dawg promoted bystander intervention in SV risk situations and targeted bystanders’ alcohol use via social media (e.g., Facebook, Instagram, and Twitter) and printed materials (e.g., posters, stickers, and handbills). Participants included 244 undergraduate students 18 to 24 years of age. Study outcomes included bystander intervention, intentions to intervene, and alcohol use. Adjusted linear regression and logistic regression models were used to examine differences in outcomes between pre and postcampaign samples as well as associations with campaign exposure. Significant increases in bystander intervention were observed between the pre and postcampaign samples. Campaign exposure was marginally related to intentions to intervene but was not significantly associated with bystander intervention. Social media analytics revealed that the campaign reached 39,466 social media users and received 50,854 impressions and 19,523 views. A mixed media campaign may be a promising and low-resource approach to increase bystander intervention as a strategy to combat campus SV.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)973-983
Number of pages11
JournalHealth Promotion Practice
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was funded by University of Georgia Student Affairs and University of Georgia College of Public Health.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Society for Public Health Education.


  • community intervention
  • social marketing/health communication
  • university/college health
  • violence prevention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Nursing (miscellaneous)


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