A multifactor lesbian, gay, and bisexual positive identity measure (LGB-PIM)

Ellen D.B. Riggle, Sharon S. Rostosky, Jonathan J. Mohr, Adam W. Fingerhut, Kimberly F. Balsam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

134 Scopus citations


This article describes the development of a measure of positive lesbian, gay, and/or bisexual (LGB) identity. Two studies were conducted to, first, establish the factor structure of the Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Positive Identity Measure (LGB-PIM), and second, test the reliability and validity of the resulting 25-item scale. Study 1 provided data for an exploratory factor analysis (EFA) with 264 self-identified "male" or "female" individuals who also identified as lesbian, gay, and/or bisexual (MF-LGB). The resulting structure was subjected to a confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) with the remaining sample of 360 MF-LGB identified individuals and supported a 5-factor solution with subscales representing self-awareness, authenticity, intimate relationships, belonging to the LGBT community, and commitment to social justice. Test-retest correlations and internal consistency provided evidence of reliability for the LGB-PIM. Study 2 (n - 272) provided evidence of validity, with the subscales showing the hypothesized positive correlations with measures of positive well-being and group specific measures corresponding to the subscale concepts. The current studies indicate that positive identity is multifaceted and may be useful to consider in research with LGB populations. The results also suggest to researchers and practitioners the dimensions of positive LGB identity that may need to be assessed and supported to cultivate positive well-being for LGB identified individuals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)398-411
Number of pages14
JournalPsychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2014

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2014 American Psychological Association.


  • Bisexual
  • Gay
  • Identity
  • Lesbian
  • Measurement development
  • Well-being

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gender Studies
  • General Psychology


Dive into the research topics of 'A multifactor lesbian, gay, and bisexual positive identity measure (LGB-PIM)'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this