A multiscale finite element model of left ventricular mechanics incorporating baroreflex regulation

Hossein Sharifi, Lik Chuan Lee, Kenneth S. Campbell, Jonathan F. Wenk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Cardiovascular function is regulated by a short-term hemodynamic baroreflex loop, which tries to maintain arterial pressure at a normal level. In this study, we present a new multiscale model of the cardiovascular system named MyoFE. This framework integrates a mechanistic model of contraction at the myosin level into a finite-element-based model of the left ventricle pumping blood through the systemic circulation. The model is coupled with a closed-loop feedback control of arterial pressure inspired by a baroreflex algorithm previously published by our team. The reflex loop mimics the afferent neuron pathway via a normalized signal derived from arterial pressure. The efferent pathway is represented by a kinetic model that simulates the net result of neural processing in the medulla and cell-level responses to autonomic drive. The baroreflex control algorithm modulates parameters such as heart rate and vascular tone of vessels in the lumped-parameter model of systemic circulation. In addition, it spatially modulates intracellular Ca2+ dynamics and molecular-level function of both the thick and the thin myofilaments in the left ventricle. Our study demonstrates that the baroreflex algorithm can maintain arterial pressure in the presence of perturbations such as acute cases of altered aortic resistance, mitral regurgitation, and myocardial infarction. The capabilities of this new multiscale model will be utilized in future research related to computational investigations of growth and remodeling.

Original languageEnglish
Article number107690
JournalComputers in Biology and Medicine
StatePublished - Jan 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Elsevier Ltd


  • Baroreflex
  • Blood pressure
  • Cardiac mechanics
  • Finite element modeling
  • Multiscale modeling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Informatics
  • Computer Science Applications


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