A musculoskeletal approach to the preparticipation physical examination: Preventing injury and improving performance

W. B. Kibler, T. Jeff Chandler, Tim Uhl, Robin E. Maddux

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

69 Scopus citations

Abstract

Preparticipation physical examinations provide infor mation concerning an athlete's ability to participate safely in sports. By collecting information specific to the musculoskeletal system in addition to that from a general medical examination, information can be gained that may improve performance and help prevent certain injuries. Two thousand one hundred seven athletes from a variety of sports from the junior high to the college level were examined using specific tests for flexibility, strength, and endurance. Females were sig nificantly more flexible than were males on all flexibility measurements, and males were significantly stronger than were females on all strength measurements. Up per-body athletes were tighter in dominant side internal rotation and significantly looser in dominant side exter nal rotation. Lower-body athletes, especially females, were significantly tighter in the leg muscles. These results indicate that the adaptations of the musculo skeletal system are sport specific and depend on the body area that is placed under stress.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)525-531
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Sports Medicine
Volume17
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1989

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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