A new paradigm for sport education programs: an equity-minded and anti-ism framework

Joseph N. Cooper, Ajhanai C.I. Keaton, Marta N. Mack, Rasheed Flowers, Joseph L. Herman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


The purpose of this manuscript is to examine the implications of the current ideological underpinnings of sport education programs (SEPs) in the United States (U.S.) and present a new equity-minded and anti-ism sport education (EASE) framework that reflects a paradigm shift towards equity-mindedness, anti-ism, cultural responsiveness, inclusive excellence, and transformational leadership. The sport industry has transformed from modest recreational activities for leisure entertainment at the local levels into a multi-billion-dollar global corporatized industry with far-reaching economic, political and sociocultural impacts. Despite the growth in popularity of SEPs, a major area of concern is the lack of critical reflection on their sociopolitical and cultural origins of the curriculum and corresponding metrics of success. Thus, we argue current SEPs (e.g. sport management, sport administration, sport leadership, sport business, parks and recreation, and sport entertainment, hospitality, and tourism) perpetuate colorblind racism, sexism, and classism based on upon their philosophical foundations. In an effort to reflect a responsiveness to an increasingly global and multicultural sport industry, we present a new EASE framework for preparing professionals to ignite transformational change in and through sport in the twenty-first century.

Original languageEnglish
JournalSport, Education and Society
StateAccepted/In press - 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.


  • anti-ism
  • equity-mindedness
  • inclusion
  • sport management
  • transformational leadership

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Education


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