Because a previous study utilizing a combination of recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator (rt-PA) and urokinase demonstrated reduced reocclusion rates compared with rates obtained with rt-PA alone, this study was conducted to determine whether the combination of rt-PA and streptokinase might achieve similar results at reduced cost. Forty patients with acute myocardial infarction were treated with a I h infusion of rt-PA (50 mg) and streptokinase (1.5 million U) administered within 6 h (mean 3.6 ± 1.2) of symptom onset. Emergency coronary arteriography revealed patency of the infarct-related artery in 30 (75%) of 40 patients. With the addition of coronary angioplasty in those who had unsuccessful thrombolytic reperfusion, the early patency rate was increased to 98%. In-hospital mortality rate (2.5%) and the incidence of significant bleeding requiring transfusion (15%) were low. Angiographically documented reocclusion of the infarct vessel occurred in 3 (8%) of 37 patients by day 7. Regional wall motion of the infarct zone improved by 0.9 ± 0.9 SD/chord (p < 0.0005), and ejection fraction increased 3.68% units (p < 0.05) between immediate and day 7 studies. In contrast to the price of full dose rt-PA ($2,300) or rt-PA with urokinase ($3,500), the cost of this regimen was $1,230. This pilot study demonstrates that at half the cost, a combination of half dose rt-PA with full dose streptokinase offers high infarct vessel patency, recovery of ventricular function, a low rate of reocclusion and few bleeding complications. To assess the precise comparability of this combined regimen with other thrombolytic approaches will require a large randomized prospective trial, which is ongoing.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of the American College of Cardiology|
|State||Published - Sep 1989|
Copyright 2014 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine