A note on the effect of surface energy on the growth of a tin whisker

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3 Scopus citations


In this communication, we report theoretical analysis of the contribution of surface energy to the energy dissipation during the growth of a tin whisker in a tin film. The mass transport of tin for the growth of the tin whisker is grain-boundary diffusion. The surface energy hinders the growth of the tin whisker. There is a threshold of the strain energy stored in the tin film, below which no whiskers of corresponding radius can grow. The strain energy stored in a tin film prior to the formation of a whisker determines the growth time of the whisker if there are no other mechanisms for the dissipation and generation of strain energy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)486-493
Number of pages8
JournalPhilosophical Magazine Letters
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.


  • Tin whisker
  • critical strain energy
  • grain-boundary diffusion
  • surface energy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics


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