A novel approach to percutaneous removal of large tricuspid valve vegetations using suction filtration and veno-venous bypass: A single center experience

Bennet George, Anthony Voelkel, John Kotter, Andrew Leventhal, John Gurley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

50 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Tricuspid valve surgery has been the de facto standard treatment for tricuspid valve endocarditis (TVE) refractory to medical therapy. It is now possible to remove right-sided vegetations percutaneously using a venous drainage cannula with an extracorporeal bypass circuit. Objectives: The purpose of our study is to describe our single-center experience of percutaneous tricuspid valve vegetation removal. Methods: We reviewed the perioperative course of 33 consecutive patients with large tricuspid valve vegetations who carried high surgical risk. Results: The cohort included 12 males and 21 females over a 40-month period with an average age of 37 years. A preponderance of patients carried an admitted or confirmed diagnosis of injection drug use (72.7%). Average vegetation size was 2.1 +/– 0.7 cm prior to the procedure with a 61% reduction in size after the procedure. All patients survived the procedure and 90.9% survived the index hospitalization. Three patients proceeded to elective tricuspid valve replacement due to worsening severity of tricuspid regurgitation. Conclusion: Percutaneous removal of large tricuspid valve vegetations is a safe and effective alternative for patients with TVE who carry high-surgical risk.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1009-1015
Number of pages7
JournalCatheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Volume90
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 15 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Keywords

  • AngioVac
  • percutaneous suction filtration
  • tricuspid valve endocarditis
  • veno–venous bypass

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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