A Novel Function of the MA-3 Domains in Transformation and Translation Suppressor Pdcd4 Is Essential for Its Binding to Eukaryotic Translation Initiation Factor 4A

Hsin Sheng Yang, Myung Haing Cho, Halina Zakowicz, Glenn Hegamyer, Nahum Sonenberg, Nancy H. Colburn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

175 Scopus citations

Abstract

An α-helical MA-3 domain appears in several translation initiation factors, including human eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4G (eIF4G) and DAP-5/NAT1/p97, as well as in the tumor suppressor Pdcd4. The function of the MA-3 domain is, however, unknown. C-terminal eIF4G (eIG4Gc) contains an MA-3 domain that is located within the eIF4A-binding region, suggesting a role for eIF4A binding. Interestingly, C-terminal DAP-5/NAT1/p97 contains an MA-3 domain, but it does not bind to eIF4A. Mutation of amino acid residues conserved between Pdcd4 and eIF4Gc but not in DAP-5/NAT1/p97 to the amino acid residues found in the DAP-5/NAT1/p97 indicates that some of these amino acid residues within the MA-3 domain are critical for eIF4A-binding activity. Six Pdcd4 mutants (Pdcd4E249K, Pdcd4D253A, Pdcd4 D414K, Pdcd4D418A, Pdcd4E249K,D414K, and Pdcd4D253A,D418A) lost >90% eIF4A-binding activity. Mutation of the corresponding amino acid residues in the eIF4Gc also produced similar results, as seen for Pdcd4. These results demonstrate that the MA-3 domain is important for eIF4A binding and explain the ability of Pdcd4 or eIF4Gc but not DAP-5/NAT1/p97 to bind to eIF4A. Competition experiments indicate that Pdcd4 prevents ca. 60 to 70% of eIF4A binding to eIF4Gc at a Pdcd4/eIF4A ratio of 1:1, but mutants Pdcd4D253A and Pdcd4D253A,D418A do not. Translation of stem-loop structured mRNA is susceptible to inhibition by wild-type Pdcd4 but not by Pdcd4D253A, Pdcd4D418A, or Pdcd4D235A,D418A. Together, these results indicate that not only binding to eIF4A but also prevention of eIF4A binding to the MA-3 domain of eIF4Gc contributes to the mechanism by which Pdcd4 inhibits translation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3894-3906
Number of pages13
JournalMolecular and Cellular Biology
Volume24
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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