Objectives The Avalon Elite (Macquet, Rastatt, Germany) double-lumen cannula can provide effective cavopulmonary assistance in a Fontan (total cavopulmonary connection) sheep model, but it requires strict alignment. The objective was to fabricate and test a newly designed paired umbrella double-lumen cannula without alignment requirement. Methods The paired membrane umbrellas were designed on the double-lumen cannula to bracket infusion blood flow toward the pulmonary artery. Two umbrellas were attached, one 4 cm above and one 4 cm below the infusion opening. Umbrellas were temporarily wrapped and glued to the double-lumen cannula body to facilitate insertion. A total cavopulmonary connection mock loop was used to test cavopulmonary assistance performance and reliability with double-lumen cannula rotation and displacement. The paired umbrella double-lumen cannula also was tested in a total cavopulmonary connection adult sheep model (n = 6). Results The bench test showed up to 4.5 L/min pumping flow and approximately 90% pumping flow efficiency at 360° rotation and 8-cm displacement of double-lumen cannula. The total cavopulmonary connection model with compromised hemodynamics was successfully created in all 6 sheep. The cavopulmonary assistance double-lumen cannula with paired umbrellas was smoothly inserted into the superior vena cava and extracardiac conduit in all sheep. At 3.5 to 4.0 L/min pump flow, the systolic arterial blood pressure and central venous pressure returned to normal baseline and remained stable throughout the 90-minute experiment, demonstrating effective cavopulmonary assistance support. Double-lumen cannula rotation and displacement did not affect performance. Autopsy revealed well-opened and positioned paired umbrellas, and double-lumen cannulas were easily removed from the right jugular vein. Conclusions Our double-lumen cannula with paired umbrellas is easy to insert and remove. The paired umbrellas eliminated the strict alignment requirement and ensured consistent cavopulmonary assistance performance.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery|
|State||Published - Sep 2014|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine