A pilot study of a comprehensive school physical activity program in elementary schools: Be a champion!

Justin B. Moore, R. Glenn Weaver, Beverly J. Levine, Camelia R. Singletary, Russell L. Carson, Michael W. Beets, Darla M. Castelli, Aaron Beighle, Russell R. Pate

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: In the present study, we sought to determine if a comprehensive school physical activity program (CSPAP) delivered using the Be a Champion! (BAC) framework was effective in increasing moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and decreasing sedentary time in elementary school youth. Methods: We implemented a CSPAP in 3 elementary schools to determine its effectiveness to youth behaviors compared to 2 control schools. Youth physical activity was assessed via accelerometry in spring 2015 and spring 2016 during school hours on school days. Implementation of the BAC components and youth behavior was assessed through direct observation from fall 2015 through winter 2016. Results: In a multilevel, mixed model examining the effects of intervention, we found no statistically significant effect of the intervention on overall MVPA. However, a significant increase in MVPA was observed among girls (but not boys) in the intervention schools relative to controls. No differences in sedentary behaviors were observed by group. Conclusion: CSPAP implementation may be effective in reducing sedentary time and increasing MVPA in girls, but not boys. Research is necessary to increase implementation dose and fidelity to best practices in physical activity promotion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)110-118
Number of pages9
JournalHealth Behavior and Policy Review
Volume8
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021, Paris Scholar Publishing. All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • Elementary school
  • Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity
  • School health
  • Sedentary

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health(social science)

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