Objective: In the present study, we sought to determine if a comprehensive school physical activity program (CSPAP) delivered using the Be a Champion! (BAC) framework was effective in increasing moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and decreasing sedentary time in elementary school youth. Methods: We implemented a CSPAP in 3 elementary schools to determine its effectiveness to youth behaviors compared to 2 control schools. Youth physical activity was assessed via accelerometry in spring 2015 and spring 2016 during school hours on school days. Implementation of the BAC components and youth behavior was assessed through direct observation from fall 2015 through winter 2016. Results: In a multilevel, mixed model examining the effects of intervention, we found no statistically significant effect of the intervention on overall MVPA. However, a significant increase in MVPA was observed among girls (but not boys) in the intervention schools relative to controls. No differences in sedentary behaviors were observed by group. Conclusion: CSPAP implementation may be effective in reducing sedentary time and increasing MVPA in girls, but not boys. Research is necessary to increase implementation dose and fidelity to best practices in physical activity promotion.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Health Behavior and Policy Review|
|State||Published - Mar 2021|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was funded by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) under award number R21HL121692. The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not represent the official views of the NIH. This study is registered in ClinicalTrials.gov under number NCT02465372. The authors would like to thank the administration, staff, teachers, students, and parents of the Kershaw County (SC, USA) School District for their participation.
© 2021, Paris Scholar Publishing. All rights reserved.
- Elementary school
- Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity
- School health
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Health Policy
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
- Health(social science)