A Pilot Study of Home-Based Smoking Cessation Programs for Rural, Appalachian, Pregnant Smokers

Millie Harris, Brady Reynolds

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


Objective: To evaluate a web-based contingency management program (CM) and a phone-delivered cessation counseling program (Smoking Cessation for Healthy Births [SCHB]) with pregnant smokers in rural Appalachia who were ≤12 weeks gestation at enrollment. Design: Two group randomized design. Setting: Home-based cessation programs in rural Appalachia Ohio and Kentucky. Participants: A community sample of pregnant smokers (N = 17). Methods: Participants completed demographic and smoking-related questionnaires and were assigned to CM (n = 7) or SCHB (n = 10) conditions. Smoking status was assessed monthly using breath carbon monoxide and urinary cotinine. Results: For CM, two of seven (28.57%) of the participants achieved abstinence, and three of 10 (30%) of those enrolled in SCHB were abstinent by late in pregnancy. Participants in CM attained abstinence more rapidly than those in SCHB. However, those in SCHB experienced less relapse to smoking, and a greater percentage of these participants reduced their smoking by at least 50%. Conclusion: Based on this initial evaluation, the web-based CM and SCHB programs appeared to be feasible for use with rural pregnant smokers with acceptable program adherence for both approaches. Future researchers could explore combining these programs to capitalize on the strengths of each, for example, rapid smoking cessation based on CM incentives and better sustained cessation or reductions in smoking facilitated by the counseling support of SCHB.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)236-245
Number of pages10
JournalJOGNN - Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 1 2015


  • Pregnant smokers
  • Rural
  • Smoking cessation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics
  • Critical Care
  • Maternity and Midwifery


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