A preliminary investigation of schedule parameters on cocaine abstinence in contingency management

Sean D. Regnier, Justin C. Strickland, William W. Stoops

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Contingency management (CM) interventions are the most effective psychosocial interventions for substance use disorders. However, further investigation is needed to create the most robust intervention possible. This study investigated the effects of 1) reinforcer magnitude; and 2) fixed and escalating and resetting incentives on cocaine abstinence in an outpatient trial. In this analysis, 34 treatment-seeking individuals with Cocaine Use Disorder received either high or low value incentives for providing a benzoylecgonine-negative urine sample or were in a control condition and received incentives for providing a urine sample regardless of the results. Participants received either escalating and resetting incentives, wherein the value of each incentive increased with consecutive negative samples and reset to the initial level upon a positive sample (Experiment 1), or fixed incentives, wherein they received the same value incentive for each negative urine sample they provided (Experiment 2). Large incentives produced more abstinence, although escalating and resetting reinforcer values did not have a differential effect. Large, fixed incentives promoted abstinence faster than other reinforcers, whereas smaller incentives resulted in poor abstinence and took many visits to achieve initial abstinence. Future research comparing different schedules on cocaine abstinence in a randomized control trial with a larger sample size is required.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)83-95
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
Volume118
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by grants from the National Institute on Drug Abuse (R01DA043938; T32DA035200) of the National Institutes of Health. The funding agency had no role in study design, data collection or analysis, or preparation and submission of the manuscript. The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Institutes of Health.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Society for the Experimental Analysis of Behavior.

Keywords

  • cocaine
  • contingency management
  • reinforcer value
  • schedule

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

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