A Preliminary Study Examining Women's Physical Health and Nonmedical Prescription Opioid Use in a Recovering Framework

Katherine R. Marks, Carl G. Leukefeld

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Background: There is a growing need for research on women recovering from nonmedical prescription opioid use. A paradigm shift is to focus on wellness and factors that support, rather than hinder, recovering women. For example, although physical health is impacted by nonmedical prescription opioid use, improved health may be a strength-based factor among recovering women. The aim of this preliminary study was to examine physical health in a recovering framework as women begin recovering from nonmedical prescription opiate use. Materials and Methods: This study conducted secondary data analysis using self-report data from Kentucky's Targeted Assessment Program (TAP). TAP assesses and provides pretreatment for problems impeding work or interfering with parental responsibilities. Data included 1247 adult women reporting a history of nonmedical prescription opioid use and receiving pretreatment. Bivariate and logistic regression analyses examined whether physical health and access to health services at baseline were associated with substance-related behavior change upon completion of pretreatment. Results: Women reporting better physical health and fewer days with no activities due to health barriers were more likely to engage in pretreatment substance-related behavior change [χ2(8) = 34.6, p < 0.05]. However, ∼40% of women reported barriers in accessing healthcare. Conclusion: Using a recovering framework, women's physical health, as expected, is associated with engagement in pretreatment substance-related behavior change. Ongoing service coordination with practitioners and medical providers should be incorporated into care to meet the need. Future research should continue to examine factors that support recovering women, using a recovering framework.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)286-293
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Women's Health
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© Copyright 2017, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. 2017.


  • health
  • prescription opioid
  • recovery
  • women

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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