A primer on audience response systems: Current applications and future considerations

Jeff Cain, Evan Robinson

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

75 Scopus citations


Audience response systems (ARSs) are an increasingly popular tool in higher education for promoting interactivity, gathering feedback, preassessing knowledge, and assessing students' understanding of lecture concepts. Instructors in numerous disciplines are realizing the pedagogical value of these systems. Actual research on ARS usage within pharmacy education is sparse. In this paper, the health professions literature on uses of ARSs is reviewed and a primer on the issues, benefits, and potential uses within pharmacy education is presented. Future areas of educational research on ARS instructional strategies are also suggested.

Original languageEnglish
Article number77
JournalAmerican Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2008


  • Audience response system
  • Technology
  • Technology-enhanced learning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Pharmacy
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics (all)


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