A Proposed Multi Factor Measure of Positive Identity for Transgender Identified Individuals

Ellen D.B. Riggle, Jonathan J. Mohr

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Scopus citations


This article describes the development of a measure proposing a multifactor structure of positive identity for self-identified transgender individuals. Data from 138 transgender-identified individuals were used in an exploratory factor analysis (EFA) of 95 statements in an item pool presented in an online survey. The resulting structure suggests a 5-factor solution with subscales interpreted as representing authenticity, intimacy and relationships, belonging to the LGBT community, commitment to social justice and compassion, and insights and self-awareness. An EFA of the reduced scale indicated good fit for a 24-item, 5-factor measure with strong internal consistency for each set of subscale scores. The final proposed measure is titled Transgender Positive Identity Measure (T-PIM). The current study suggests that the factors in positive identity for transgender-identified individuals are consistent with thematic analyses in prior qualitative research and the positive identity concepts represented in positive lesbian, gay, and bisexual identities. Knowledge of this structure may be useful for researchers and practitioners in the evaluation and support of efforts to enhance the well-being of self-identified transgender individuals. Future research on the validity of subscale scores is recommended.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)78-85
Number of pages8
JournalPsychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2014 American Psychological Association


  • Identity
  • Measurement development
  • Transgender
  • Well-being

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gender Studies
  • General Psychology


Dive into the research topics of 'A Proposed Multi Factor Measure of Positive Identity for Transgender Identified Individuals'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this