A Review of Coal-Fire Sampling Methods

Trent M. Garrison, James C. Hower, Glenn B. Stracher, Kevin R. Henke, Jennifer M.K. O'Keefe

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

1 Scopus citations


The study of coal-fire emissions and phases nucleated in association with coal-fire gas are of interest to the scientific community. A synopsis of coal-fire sampling techniques is presented, utilizing data collected by the Center for Applied Energy Research (CAER) at the University of Kentucky, Lexington, and other organizations. Short-term (in-situ) measurements and analyses of mercury, CO, CO2, gas-emission velocities, minerals, tars, temperatures, and volatile organic compounds are compared, and long-term sampling techniques for measuring temperatures and CO emissions are discussed. Technologies evolved during the sampling periods, and some technologies appear to be more accurate than others.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCase Studies - Coal Fires
Number of pages14
ISBN (Electronic)9780444595119
StatePublished - Nov 20 2014

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


  • Analytical techniques
  • CO
  • CO
  • Coal fire
  • Gas emission velocity
  • Mercury
  • Minerals
  • Sampling
  • Tars
  • Technology
  • Temperature
  • Volatile organic compounds

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Earth and Planetary Sciences


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