A scoping literature review of transition-related research involving youth with autism spectrum disorder

Stuart P. Rumrill, Phillip Rumrill, Caroline Gooden, Mykal J. Leslie, Hyun Ju Ju, Aundrea Gee Cormier

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


BACKGROUND: Owing to steadily increasing rates of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) among children, youth, and adults, it is certain that growing numbers of these individuals will need transition and vocational rehabilitation (VR) services for many years to come. ASD research has focused on identifying employment barriers rather than on effective interventions to remove or reduce those barriers. Even so, some evidence has demonstrated support for the effectiveness of specific transition-related interventions. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to review the existing literature regarding transition and employment for youth with ASD. METHOD: We begin with an overview of the clinical characteristics of ASD and its incidence and prevalence in the U.S. Then, we examine vocational issues facing individuals with ASD. RESULTS: The remainder of the article focuses on transition and VR implications with specific emphases on (a) interdisciplinary transition planning, (b) postsecondary educational supports and services, and (c) employment interventions. CONCLUSION: ASD is a high-incidence disability that presents significant service delivery and advocacy needs for young people with ASD and their families. Evidence-based employment interventions are available to help young people with ASD make smooth transitions to adulthood in the settings of their choice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)219-236
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Vocational Rehabilitation
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 – IOS Press. All rights reserved.


  • Autism spectrum disorder
  • intervention
  • transition
  • vocational rehabilitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Occupational Therapy


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