A short online community readiness survey for smoke-free policy

Amanda Fallin, Robert Zuercher, Mary Kay Rayens, Sarah Adkins, Nancy York, Ellen J. Hahn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Introduction: Rural residents in the United States are more likely to use tobacco, have less access to tobacco control resources and efforts, and are more highly exposed to secondhand smoke than their urban counterparts. The purpose was to design and pilot test a shortened, self-administered online survey (Community Readiness Survey-Short form [CRS-S]) to assess community readiness for smoke-free policy in rural communities. The Community Readiness Survey-Long form (CRS-L) is a 30- to 90-min telephone-administered survey. The Community Readiness Model can guide the design of programs and policy interventions to reduce health risks. Methods: 160 key informants from Wave 3 of a 5-year community-based randomized controlled trial set in Kentucky completed the CRS-L; 61 of approximately 140-284 items were significantly related to the relevant readiness dimension subscores and selected for inclusion. The online CRS-S was created with these items using Qualtrics software; 43 smoke-free advocates who had completed the CRS-L during Wave 4 were invited to participate. Correlations between the CRS-S and the CRS-L on overall readiness and the dimension scores were calculated. Readiness scores were correlated with existence of public policy and voluntary smoke-free policies to assess convergent validity. Results: The correlation between the overall CRS-S and CRS-L scores was relatively strong (.82), and there is evidence to support convergent validity. Most respondents completed the CRS-S in less than 15 min and preferred this format. Conclusions: The CRS-S is a valid and less time- and resource-intensive method to assess readiness for smoke-free policy in rural communities.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbernts012
Pages (from-to)1494-1498
Number of pages5
JournalNicotine and Tobacco Research
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


Dive into the research topics of 'A short online community readiness survey for smoke-free policy'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this