A simple scheme for self-focusing of an array

B. Beardsley, M. Peterson, J. D. Achenbach

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


A self-focusing technique and its application to a linear array system are presented in this paper. By application of the technique the system is capable of both sonification and reception focusing. The array is first excited as an unfocused array. Next a cross-correlation technique is used to determine time delays of reception of the largest amplitude backscattered signals at the elements of the array. The original transducer signal is then reemitted with the appropriate time delays to achieve sonification focusing on the scatterer producing the largest signal. This process is repeated in an iterative mode to focus energy on the strongest scatterer. Once insonification focusing has been achieved the last time-delay calculations are used once more for reception focusing, i.e., to correct the signals received by the individual elements for differences in arrival times. A low cost linear array has been constructed to implement the self-focusing technique. Examples demonstrate the capability of the technique to focus on the largest hole of sets of three holes in an aluminum specimen.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)169-179
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Nondestructive Evaluation
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1995


  • arrays
  • Self-focusing
  • ultrasonics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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