A stress-based charging protocol for silicon anode in lithium-ion battery: Theoretical and experimental studies

Kai Zhang, Yuwei Zhang, Junwu Zhou, Yong Li, Bailin Zheng, Fuqian Yang, Yue Kai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


The large mechanical deformation induced by the lithiation/delithiation of silicon can induce rapid capacity fading of silicon-based lithium-ion battery. This work is focused on the development of a feasible stress-based charging protocol that can control the stress and deformation of silicon anode during electrochemical cycling from the stress analysis in a silicon particle. The stress-based charging protocol provides an approach to suppress the mechanical stress in silicon anode with the control of the upper cut-off voltage for delithiation. The numerical results reveal that applying a small upper cut-off voltage for delithiation can reduce the mechanical stress and lower the capacity of the silicon electrode, while it likely improves the performance of the silicon-based lithium-ion battery. Experimental study of silicon-based lithium-ion half cells reveals that applying a moderate cut-off voltage (600 mV in this work) achieves high reversible capacity and good cycling performance for all the C-rates tested in the work, and applying a large cut-off voltage of 1000 mV leads to the formation of large surface cracks and rapid capacity loss. The experimental results support the stress-based charging protocol, which is developed from the numerical analysis, that tuning the cut-off voltage can reduce the structural degradation and enhance the electrochemical performances of silicon-based lithium-ion battery.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101765
JournalJournal of Energy Storage
StatePublished - Dec 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020


  • Charging protocol
  • Elastoplastic deformation
  • Lithium-ion battery
  • Mechanical stress
  • Silicon electrode

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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